Suicidal tendencies: mankind’s ugly option

Saturday, 15 December 2018

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Suicidal tendencies: mankind’s ugly option

Bishaldeep Kakati | September 28, 2018 10:57 hrs


In the modern era, words like, “science & technology,” “business & commerce” etc have all showered a sanguine mindset among humans residing on this globe, and that has indeed come in handy in the process of making mankind climb the ladder of progress and development. But amidst this aura, a detestable term known as “suicide” or killing oneself has also silently kept on lingering in the logical atmosphere of this human dominated planet. And this has only happened because every now and then we come across news where we find individuals tempted to adopt this tragic way of killing themselves, and the sad fact is that with each passing year, the percentage of suicidal cases have only grown higher.


Over the years, we have also descried that many authors as well as mind specialists have also given their descriptive and analytical views about suicide or ways to tackle suicidal tendencies. However, it seems that all those writings and deliberations have simply gone in vain. Very recently, four more meritorious students from four different local educational institutions have also committed suicide, surprisingly within a period of less than one month. So that puts out an alarming question: why are the youths inclined towards ending their lives in this dreadful manner? Furthermore, statistics reveal that about 8,00,000 people commit suicide worldwide every year; of these 1,35,000 (17%) are residents of India. Moreover, according to 2015 data (the latest available) from National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), one student commits suicide every hour in India. Added to this, according to 2012 Lancet Report, India has one of the world’s highest suicide rates for youths aged 15 to 29. But the bigger question that arises out of this is: What are the core reasons that are causing individuals - especially youths - to take this drastic step?


A few psychologists are of the opinion that an individual is actually born with the fear of two things - a) fear of falling down b) fear of loud noises. In fact, according to those psychologists, even the above mentioned consternation cannot be tagged as “fear,” rather they are preventive measures that the human mind automatically generates within itself to help and protect an individual. So, the fact that is evident from this analytical reference is that the human mind never wants to kill the physical body; rather it helps the body to nurture itself and develop completely. Hence, the suicidal tendency generating in an individual’s mind is because of external factors which are more often than not pulled by an individual towards himself.


If we broadly analyze the core factors that force a person to commit suicide, then we will find that the factors can be divided into- a) societal factors b) individual factors. Societal factors include constant pressure imposed upon an individual by the society - like to bring laurels to the society, to get more and more educational degrees, to get oneself employed in high salaried jobs, to get married on time etc. On the other hand, the individual factors include the tendency to die without any reason, unfulfilled love affairs, not getting expected results, constant pressure from beloved ones, unhealthy matrimonial relationship, drug addiction etc. And both the societal and individual factors, either in an amalgamated way or separately, cause a person to suffer from depression and mental illness (illness like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, borderline personality etc), traumatic stress, substance abuse and impulsivity, hopelessness, social isolation etc which ultimately instigate the person to commit suicide.


However, in the present scenario, it remains really crucial to come up with ways to reduce the number of suicidal cases. In order to reduce the number of suicidal cases in youths, the roles of the father, mother and the teacher remain vital. A teenager must be strictly monitored, his actions should be noticed, and if at any point of time, the teenager’s behavior turns out to be odd then it remains the duty of the parents and the teachers to talk to him, and if necessary should also treat him by taking him to appropriate counseling sessions of experts. The extra burden, pressure and expectation imposed upon a person should be reduced and the society should try to appreciate the individual as he is without comparing him with others.


Along with this, it is also believed that if a person before committing suicide even for a moment reconsiders his decision, then he will never be tempted to commit suicide again at least for that moment. Hence, proper discussions with the right individuals, understanding oneself, trying to evaluate out the solutions to problems, trying to handle pressure in a constructive way etc can all diminish the suicidal tendency residing in an individual’s mind. Last but not the least, people should always realize the fact that life on this planet is the gift of god, and hence they should always try to make use of it in a better way, rather than ending it on a bitter note, giving due emphasis on the quote, “Where there is a will, there is a way.”

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  • Lory

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