Modi 2.0: Hopes and Challenges
On 23rd May 2019, history was once again created in the Indian subcontinent. For the second consecutive time, the NarendraModi led BJP government was destined to take charge in the centre. The BJP government won with more than 300 seats in the general LokSabha elections, which directly or indirectly hinted the denizens’ desire to see NarendraModi as their honourable Prime Minister once again.
Modi’s win was also important in another way as well, since the win in 2014 was tagged by many critics as the people’s desire to choose an alternative to Congress’s diabolic run that revolved around corruptions and scams. In fact by winning in 2019, Modi directly proved that the 2014 win was not a fluke, as people of India wanted a strong and robust nation with no corruption.
However if we carefully scrutinize the first term of the NarendraModi led government then we would definitely witness certain issues that were probably left unsolved in its first tenure. For a common person, it might look like none can be as good as the BJP-led government, but a deep analysis would surely reveal some shocking facts.
A recent report released by The Business Standard, dated 31/5/2019 stated that India’s unemployment rate had risen to 45-year high of 6.1% in 2017-18. And this report has indeed come as a major setback for the government, especially because creating job opportunities and getting the denizens employed was one of the primary agenda of BJP’s election campaigns. In fact, even the honourable Prime Minister, in his election speeches seemed really enthusiastic in making full use of the human resources available in the country, but in reality things went astray. However, this issue seriously needs to be confabulated and tackled by the government in its upcoming tenure, or else India’s unemployment issue would simply remain as an uncurable headache.
Moreover, another national daily, The Hindu, reported that India’s GDP growth slowed to a five-year low at 5.8% in January-March 2018-19, falling behind China, especially due to poor performance in agricultural and manufacturing sector. And if we consider this fact seriously, this is not at all good especially for a welfare state like India. Therefore, the government should soon come up with new innovative policies to once again revamp the degrading GDP for the betterment of the nation. However, amidst all these issues, the newly elected Finance Minister of India might just come up as a ray of hope, since Nirmala Sitharaman, a highly qualified economist, might just turn around the scenario in favour of India. Nevertheless, the challenge still exists to be dealt with.
A government can never become successful, until and unless its home ministry works properly. The Home Ministry of India also has some of the major challenges to tackle, and in real sense it would be under the scanner of each and every Indian citizen. Issues like internal security, scrapping of Article 370 and 35A in Jammu & Kashmir, the Ram Mandir issue, the National Register of Citizens, the Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2016 etc have, of late, raised a great deal of hue and cry. Be it in Jammu & Kashmir, Ayodhya or Northeast, the respective issues in their respective places have all created tremendous tension. Although the honourable Supreme Court, on March 6 2019, reserved its order on invocation of Section 89 of the Code of Civil Procedure to attempt a court-monitored mediation in the decades-old Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi title suit, the Hindu parties had opposed the idea of mediation, while the Muslim parties’ lawyers voted for negotiation. Thus the Home Ministry has some of the grave issues to tackle and all those issues must be dealt in a scientific way since even the slightest of error might destroy the peace and harmony of the nation.
The case for the Defence Ministry is no different either. The conspicuous fact is that India has been attacked numerous times by terrorists and also by Pakistan in the form of retaliation. Although India has replied to terrorism in a bold way, the Defence Ministry must be stronger and more diplomatic. Thus considering everything, including India and China’s bitter relationship, every possible effort must be made by the Defence Ministry to procure the Rafale fighter aircrafts as early as possible. Along with this, border security must be enhanced, armies must be provided with as many facilities as possible and most importantly security of India from every aspect possible must be the top priority.
Meanwhile, the good news is that the new minister of External Affairs, S Jaishankar is already being seen as a messiah and it would be interesting to see the policies that he would undertake in order to maintain India’s foreign relationships, especially with China.
Along with all these major issues, other issues like improving the education sector, enriching the livelihood of the farmers, nourishing the agricultural sector, removing poverty etc would all add up as other pivotal challenges in front of the government.
Therefore, the next 5 years would be the real game changer for India. If the government becomes successful in tackling the issues, a new unified India would emerge in no time. These next 5 years might also be consequential for the people of Northeast and Assam as well in terms of CAB, 2016 and NRC or insurgency. But all that the government needs to do is to come up with policies that would never hurt people’s sentiments. And if the opposite happens, then the government might also have to come across people’s wrath that was once instrumental in discarding the Congress government.