How did the ‘Dhol’ become a part of Bihu?
The happiest festival of Assam is here and one can hear beats of dhol in every corner of the state. But like every other concept, Bihu and dhol also have a legendary connection.
The tradition of dhol is older than Bihu by four eras. The current rituals, styles, and innovations, of dhol have evolved over the eras.
During the Satya Yuga, the dhol was believed to have been made of gold and was played by Anandi Dholiya; the dhols in Treta Yuga were made of silver and was played by Binandi Dholiya; the Dwapar Yuga ones were made of bronze and were played by Nandi Dholiya. The current Kali Yuga dhols are made of wood and are played by Sodhan Dholiya.
On 2nd December, 1214 AD, when Chaolung Sukapha arrived in Assam, he was welcomed with the beats of dhol by Sodhan Dholiya. The dhol culture prevalent today found its roots then. Impressed by the sound of the dhol, Sukapha gave it a royal status.
Meanwhile, in Kesaikhati Guxaani Thaan of Sadia, the tradition of human sacrifice was prevalent. During one such ritual, a young girl named Kolimoti was found to be dancing merrily just minutes before she was to be sacrificed. It is believed that, seeing her so happy, the godly figures of the village came forward to end the ritual of human sacrifice forever.
The respected people of the society termed the happy gyrations of Kolimoti as a very graceful dance.
Dancing Kolimoti was then accompanied by one Dhan Koliya, who played the dhol out of sheer joy at this development.
This performance that was lovingly accepted by all, later transpired into Bihu.
As goes the saying 'Sadia to Dhuburi', Bihu emerged in the Upper Assam region and later spread out to the entire state eventually becoming the folk dance of Assam.
(As informed by Oja, Samrat and Jadukar of Dhol, Somnath Bora)